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Aug 28, 2020Open AccessPreprint
This paper found two special points in the space of the charge distribution resulting from thermal electron emission and summed up the characteristics of the two points. Some special characteristics exist between the two points, including constant direction of potential gradient, spontaneous process of remarkable deviation from equilibrium, inconsistence of the directions of forces and fluxes etc. This paper also analyzed the entropy production rates caused by the flow going with the potential g...
Jul 16, 2020Open AccessPreprint
Demonstrated the existence of another kind of non-equilibrium ordered structure that emerges at vapor-liquid interface spontaneously. This structure forms spontaneously due to thermal motion of the molecules moving between the vapor phase and the liquid phase. Also presented an experimental model based on this ordered structure. In the model, each spontaneous process can make a segment approach equilibrium, but also cause another segment to deviate from equilibrium. The linkage and complementari...
Apr 02, 2020Open AccessPreprint
The present work aims to elaborate a review of the geochemical aspects used to compose the Raw Water Quality Index (WQI), highlighting lake environments and their importance for management practices. This paper is a bibliographic review based on specialized scientific and legislative literature conducted between April 2016 and March 2019. The scientific articles were selected by searching the Scielo database and the Periódicos Capes and the database search was performed using the terminologies r...
Aug 29, 2017Open AccessPreprint
Ynones, also known as α, β-acetylenic ketones, have been widespread used in modern synthetic organic chemistry. They exist in biologically active compounds, and are used as vital building blocks in complex molecule synthesis. Consequently, a number of methodologies involving ynones have been developed to access a wide range scaffold using this simple building block. In this paper, the synthesis of a ferrocene tertiary amine cyclop
Mar 22, 2017Open AccessPreprint
The article considers physical properties of photon as a quantum of electromagnetic wave in luminiferous medium. An experimental evaluation method for its energy and mass based on radiation pressure effect was presented. The of “photon amplitude” concept was introduced, through which energy is represented similarly to quantum (phonon) energy of elastic mechanical wave. A model of photon as a wave packet in the medium was considere
Sep 27, 2016Open AccessPreprint
Sclerosis (MS) is the most common disability in young adults that requires
early symptomatic treatment to prevent long-term disability. Among young
adults, MS is the most common central nerv-ous system (CNS) chronic
inflammatory illness that is characterized by demyelination in the CNS.
However, current disease-modifying treatments are not sufficiently effective
for preventing the variety of symptoms during the co
Aug 10, 2016Open AccessPreprint
Recently, it was published the book “Electromagnetic Unification of Four Forces”(ISBN978-3-659-76798-2), compiling the progressions in physics manifested in television, made by the world people while led notably by the author and the Members in the world satellite networks from India, ZheJiang and USA. Besides these significant achievements, it has also been made many activities and achievements on neural sciences. In this article
Mar 03, 2016Open AccessPreprint
The paper draws attention to the importance of the notion “luminiferous ether” in physics. There is a proposed method to register its flows generated by natural cosmic movements or created artificially. The work presents the results of ether wind searching with a prototype of the proposed installation located at the altitude of <30 m above sea level. Ether flows with speeds > 20 km/s are not found, which is consistent with the results of previous experiments.
Jul 21, 2015Open AccessPreprint
Dynamics of uniaxial nematic liquid crystals with rod-shaped and disc-shaped molecules in an external field is considered. For the systems under study thermodynamics is constructed and nonlinear dynamic equations accounting for the internal spatial anisotropy and molecules shape are derived. Densities of additive integrals of motion and corresponding flow densities are introduced in terms of thermodynamic potential. Analytical structure of low-frequency asymptotics of two-time Green’s functions ...
May 13, 2015Open AccessPreprint
In the present study, Kandelia obovata (S.,
L.) Yong seedlings were exposed to As V(0, 30, 60 and 150 mg kg-1) under
different levels of sulfur (0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4% (w: w)) supply. A highly
significant negative correlation between arsenic concentration in leaves with sulfur
treatment (r=-0.554, P...